DATA FOR DOWNLOAD
Certain data collected as part of my research projects is available for public download.
I aim to update this data from time to time.
WORLD CONSTITUTIONS AND EXECUTIVE CLEMENCY
Collected as part of a grant from the Research Grants Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China (Early Career Scheme Project "New Comparative and Empirical Approaches to Clemency", #21603817).
Current to December 2018
Executive clemency is present in the law or practice of nearly every country in the world. This spreadsheet, a version of which appears as an Appendix in my book Executive Clemency: Comparative and Empirical Perspectives (co-edited with Andrew Novak), relays the constitutional provisions on executive clemency for every relevant national jurisdiction, as at 31 December 2018. The only nations with a written constitution that does not provide for an executive clemency power (and where such a power is not available by legislation or convention) are the following: El Salvador, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Switzerland, San Marino, and Uruguay.
THE DEATH PENALTY IN SOUTHEAST ASIA
Current to December 2016
The death penalty continues to be practised by five nations in Southeast Asia: Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam. Data on death penalty metrics (death sentences, executions, death row population, executive clemency) I first collected during research for my book Last Chance for Life: Clemency in Southeast Asian Death Penalty Cases. Here, I present an updated version of this data. Global death penalty statistics are available through Amnesty International's annual death penalty reports.
EXECUTIVE CLEMENCY COUNTRY PROFILES
(ANGOLA, DENMARK, ICELAND, IRELAND, ISRAEL, MONGOLIA, NORTH MACEDONIA, NORWAY, PANAMA, PORTUGAL, SOUTH SUDAN, SPAIN,
SRI LANKA, SWEDEN, TANZANIA, ZIMBABWE)
During the 2019-2020 academic year, students in Dr Andrew Novak’s Honors Seminar on clemency at George Mason University (CRIM 491 and 492) created executive clemency profiles for various countries, adding to existing academic understandings of pardons and commutations. With the students' permission, here I publish a selection of country profiles, 16 in all.
These country profiles were collated as part of a grant from the Research Grants Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China (Early Career Scheme Project "New Comparative and Empirical Approaches to Clemency", #21603817).